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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-87

A review of sports-related injuries: Head to toe spectrum


1 Department of Radiology, Malabar Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Ministry of Health Holdings, Singapore
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
4 Department of Orthopedics, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Department of General Surgery, Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad, Kerala, India
6 Department of Radiology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
7 Department of Emergency Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
8 Department of Pathology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
9 Department of Anatomy, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Reddy Ravikanth
Department of Radiology, Malabar Medical College, Kozhikode - 673 315, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_39_18

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All sports come with a risk of injury, and in general, the more contact involved in the sports, the higher the risk of a more significant or traumatic injury. The most frequent types of sports injuries are sprains (ligament injuries), strains (muscle injuries), and stress fractures (bone injuries). In sports medicine, a catastrophic injury is defined as severe trauma to the human head, spine, or brain. Concussions in sports became a major issue in the 2000s as evidence connected repeated concussions and subconcussive hits with chronic traumatic encephalopathy and increased suicide risk. Overuse and repetitive stress injury problems associated with sports include jumper's knee, tennis elbow, and tendinosis. In this review article, we have made an attempt to describe the head to toe spectrum of sports-related injuries including traumatic injuries of the head and face, extremity injuries, soft-tissue injuries, and contact sports-related injuries.


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