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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-78

Severe maternal outcomes: World health organization maternal near-miss and maternal mortality criteria in University Tertiary Hospital Egypt

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Samy El-Agwany
Faculty of Medicine, El-Shatby Maternity University Hospital, Alexandria University, Alexandria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/am.am_10_19

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Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) maternal near-miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve the quality of obstetric care worldwide. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a tertiary hospital in Egypt by applying this approach. Methods: A facility-based, retrospective study was conducted between January 2015 and December 2016. Participants' data were collected from medical records of the intensive care unit. Results: Among 28,877 deliveries over 2 years, 185 women suffered severe maternal outcome (SMO): 171 MNMs and 14 deaths. SMO ratio is 6.5/1000 live birth, MNM incidence ratio of 5.9/1000 live births, maternal death incidence ratio 0.5/1000 live birth, maternal mortality ratio of 48.48/100,000 live births, MNM mortality ratio is 12:1, and a mortality index of 7.5%. Hemorrhage (n = 107, 62.5%) and hypertensive disorders, including fits and hemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome (n = 44, 25.5%) were the most common MNM conditions. Hemorrhage (n = 8, 57%) was the leading cause of maternal mortality and then cardiac diseases (n = 3, 21.5%). All cases were not receiving antenatal care in the Shatby Hospital or were not compliant to the hospital ANC and were referred or showed up at the time of delivery or after delivery with complication encountered. Nearly 71.5% of the died patients cases were younger than 30 years and 21.5% were primigravida. Conclusions: MNM is common in Egypt. The approach enabled us to identify pitfalls in clinical practice and referral system. The private sector in Egypt needs to evaluated and medical license should not be permanent.

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