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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 192-195

COVID-19–associated central nervous system mucormycosis


1 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Holy Family, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Neurosciences, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Pushpendra Nath Renjen
Department of Neurosciences, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_84_21

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Mucormycosis is a life-threatening infection caused by fungi of the order Mucorales. Central nervous system (CNS) mucormycosis is usually an extension of the infection from the sinuses to the eyes and brain. CNS mucormycosis arises from an adjacent paranasal sinus infection (rhinocerebral) by direct extension or hematogenous dissemination from the lungs, but isolated CNS mucormycosis is a rare presentation. During an episode of fungemia, seeding may occur in brain tissue, leading to this infection. The most common clinical presentation of mucormycosis is rhino-orbital-cerebral infection, which is presumed to start with inhalation of spores into the paranasal sinuses of a susceptible host. In this article, we emphasize on the COVID-19–associated mucormycosis, particularly the involvement of CNS.


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