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Table of Contents
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-40

Exploring the capabilities of modern technologies for health care


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India

Date of Submission05-Nov-2021
Date of Decision09-Dec-2021
Date of Acceptance11-Dec-2021
Date of Web Publication04-Feb-2022

Correspondence Address:
Mohd Javaid
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_128_21

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  Abstract 


Modern technologies offer several new applications and have several benefits in health-care delivery. These technologies include the Internet of things, artificial intelligence, wearable devices, telemedicine, virtual reality, and robotics. These enable targeted personalized health and well-being services. At present, the pharmaceutical industry is confronted with considerable hurdles and financial burdens related to clinical trial, retention, and adherence. Modern technologies allow participation in clinical studies from the comfort of home or any other location as per requirement. In the present digital era, patients can regularly expect more information about their health by using these technologies. These also reduce the chances of errors and precisely evaluate the amount of data and better analysis. Therefore, health-care service providers are now taking a proactive approach by adopting in wearable technology that can enable real-time monitoring of high-risk patients to predict the possibility of a catastrophic health crisis. Telecommunication equipment is more user-friendly and has been utilized by a large population all over the world, which is helpful to reduce the communication gap. In this review, we aimed to identify and discuss the significant capabilities of modern technologies for health-care delivery.

Keywords: Digital health care, health-care capabilities, medical, modern technologies


How to cite this article:
Haleem A, Javaid M, Suman R, Vaishya R. Exploring the capabilities of modern technologies for health care. Apollo Med 2022;19:37-40

How to cite this URL:
Haleem A, Javaid M, Suman R, Vaishya R. Exploring the capabilities of modern technologies for health care. Apollo Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 22];19:37-40. Available from: https://www.apollomedicine.org/text.asp?2022/19/1/37/337341


  Introduction Top


Digital health, often known as digital health care, is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary term encompassing ideas from the confluence of technology and health care. Digital health is the application of digital transformation to health care, combining software, hardware, and services.[1],[2] Mobile health applications, electronic health records, wearable devices, telehealth and telemedicine, and customized medicine are all included under digital health. Patients, practitioners, researchers, application developers, and medical device makers and distributors are among the stakeholders in the digital health area. Today, modern technologies are playing an essential role in health care. Health information technology (HIT), health-care tools, health analytics, health-care informatics, hospital IT, and medical technology are all terms linked to digital health.[3],[4]

Health-care providers are now speeding up their digitalization initiatives to minimize costs and mitigate significant difficulties. A linked digital experience transforms health-care facilities with digital solutions and ensures patients receive best-in-class care and treatments on time. The capacity to store and retrieve data has been one of the most significant benefits of modern technologies. Health-care practitioners are capable of accessing patient data from any location. Furthermore, modern technologies enable health-care practitioners to quickly communicate medical information, leading to more efficient patient care. Information and communications technology deliver digital health treatments to prevent disease and improve quality of life.[5],[6]

We aimed to discuss the significant roles of modern technologies in health-care services and its benefit. Furthermore, this review explores the capabilities of these services and provides a framework where digital technologies can improve health-care services.


  Methods Top


We have searched and reviewed the available up to date literature on this topic in October 2021, on the searched different databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar by using the keywords-”health care” AND “modern technology” OR “artificial intelligence (AI)” OR “telemedicine” OR “Internet of things (IoT)” OR “robotics” OR “wearable devices” OR “virtual reality (VR)” OR “digital health”. Relevant articles were selected from the search were included for this review.


  Discussion Top


Need for modern technologies for health-care services

Modern technologies enable people to receive treatment at home rather than at a medical center. This is especially beneficial for treating patients with chronic illnesses and special needs or disabilities. Medical social services provide many medical aids to patients at home, such as counseling and locating community assets, to assist the patient in their rehabilitation.[7],[8] AI screening assists in determining who needs treatment first and directing patients to the appropriate communication channels. It unnecessarily reduces the number of individuals who assemble in waiting rooms and relieves staff of early patient interaction obligations. Data security, privacy protection, and the safeguarding of personal health information are all critical components of the mobile health sector. The digitally connected consumer uses technology more frequently than ever before in all parts of their lives.[9],[10]

VR sessions with a doctor can be used when a patient cannot go to the institution. Furthermore, VR consultations could save patients a significant amount of time to immediately contact doctors and describe symptoms. By the time they arrive at the hospital, the doctor can prepare a treatment plan and prepare everything needed to take care of the patient effectively and quickly. Aside from that, VR might be utilized to teach and improve the abilities of medical personnel. The purpose of health-care Internet business intelligence is to assist doctors in making data-driven choices to improve patient care. It is essential in the case of individuals who have a complicated medical history and are suffering from various chronic illnesses.[11],[12],[13]

Significant capabilities of modern technologies for health care

Modern technologies explore their applications to revolutionize and improve health-care worldwide. One of the most significant achievements of these health technologies is that they provide instruments to assist chronic conditions and avoid different addictions by monitoring patients and alerting doctors in case of an emergency, even providing patient localization to required emergency services. The effects of digital transformation may already be seen in many aspects of life and business. These significantly impact medicine and health care, altering the tools and technology accessible to professionals and patients and the approach.[14],[15],[16],[17] [Table 1] discusses the significant capabilities of modern technologies.
Table 1: Significant capabilities of modern technologies toward health-care services

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Health-care companies are exploring by focusing on big data, VR, AI, and blockchain technologies application-based devices. These can detect any anomalies between a patient's health and medicine prescriptions by analyzing a patient record. Mobile health applications have evolved as critical tools in day-to-day patient care and health-care administration in various institutions throughout the world. However, the promise of mobile applications in the health-care environment is somewhat confined to better treatment. The majority of smartphone owners are now using at least one health app. The effect of health apps has grown so ubiquitous and era-defining that any health-care institution that does not adopt mobile health applications risks losing patients.[18],[19],[20],[21]

Major contributions of the study

Modern technologies simplify the process of logging and classifying patient information while reducing mistakes dramatically. It facilitates and streamlines information access. A digital health-care program assures them to access patient information in real-time through their desktop computer, mobile device, or both. Health-care organizations may advise their consumers on staying active and maintaining a healthy lifestyle based on the data collected by smart medical devices. Easy-to-use and simple medical devices are connected with a mobile app, which examines and assesses the collected data for routine diagnostic such as blood sugar, blood pressure, and heartbeat. These self-diagnosis medical gadgets also provide a large volume of medical data.

Wearable health and fitness trackers, which are required to give relevant health information and insights through linked smartphone applications, and were one of the first connected health-care gadgets. The IoT is used to connect all health devices and equipment and thus paves the way for a slew of medical health apps. Thus, technology advancements have made it possible for health-care institutions to communicate more effectively and efficiently. Medical experts can communicate with employees or students using films, VR technologies, and online discussion forums to impart medical information to provide better patient care and treatments. Health-care applications have alleviated the strain of patients organizing hospital visits and locating providers in their area. Simultaneously, app solutions have enabled practitioners to engage with patients, particularly in rural areas, and provide helpful solutions. Furthermore, looking for diseases and medical information using mobile apps is quick and straightforward.

Future scope

In the future, digital health-care software facilitates the rapid exchange of patient information with other doctors and health-care providers. Modern technologies are vital in various situations, such as addressing severe cases that require insights and expert medical views. Digital health-care software will enable seamless communication between health-care professionals/providers and their patients. This feature enables physicians, therapists, and other health-care practitioners to collaborate directly with their patients and provide them with personalized insights about their health. These technologies will be able to empower patients to make the proper decisions and prepare for long life. Several technology businesses moved into medical devices to capitalize on their existing skills and progressively evolved to meet the demands of their patients.


  Conclusion Top


Modern technologies automate operations and improve health-care management, diagnosis, treatment, and digital transformation. The primary goal of digital transformation is to produce more customer-centered services, which will be highly important in health care since each patient's treatment may become more tailored, making it better for the patients, and saving a significant amount of time. Wearable technology promotes preventative health care by allowing individuals to track their internal health problems. The linked health devices have the potential to bring about several improvements in the health-care ecosystem. From real-time diagnostic data processing to treatment recommendations, health-care IoT devices have the potential to alter health-care facilities in unprecedented ways and assist in improved inventory management.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

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2.
Goyal S, Sharma N, Bhushan B, Shankar A, Sagayam M. IoT enabled technology in secured healthcare: Applications, challenges and future directions. In: Cognitive Internet of Medical Things for Smart Healthcare. Cham: Springer; 2021. p. 25-48.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
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