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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 276-279

Non-islet cell tumor-related hypoglycemia in a case of metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor: A rare paraneoplastic syndrome: A case report


1 Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nalini Kanta Ghosh
Department Surgical Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_67_22

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Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical presentations depend upon the site of involvement. It can lead to obstruction, bleeding, perforation, or symptoms due to mass effects. Tumor-induced hypoglycemia (nonislet cell tumor-related hypoglycemia [NICTH]) is a rare manifestation of GIST. Case Report: We herewith present the case of a 46-year-old female who presented with multiple abdominal lumps and recurrent episodes of syncope due to NICTH. On investigations, she was diagnosed to have unresectable GIST on biopsy. Her hypoglycemic episodes could be explained by rare paraneoplastic syndrome due to the raised levels of insulin-like growth factor-2. After treatment with imatinib (800 mg once daily), her hypoglycemic episodes subsided, which supported the diagnosis. Conclusion: NICTH is a rare paraneoplastic manifestation of GIST; targeted therapy can avert neuroglycopenic symptoms.


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